Pengaruh Perbandingan Komposisi Campuran Perut Ikan, Kangkung dan Feses Babi terhadap Ph, Kuantitas dan Kualitas Biogas

Yerdi Nitbani, Ben Vasco Tarigan, Jahirwan Jasron

Abstract


The use of manure and litter as bio gas-producing material is one solving problem of sanitation and environmental health as well as the control of environmental pollution, especially in the vicinity of the farm and the market environment. To obtain biogas productivity and optimum quality then conducted a study with the aim to determine the effect of a composition ratio mix of fish maw, kale and feces of pigs against pH, productivity in this case, the gas pressure (Pa), gas mass (kg) and the volume of gas (m3), as well as the quality of the biogas as measured by the amount of calorific value (J), and power (watts), and the color of the flame produced. The results showed that the composition ratio of a mixture of 1: 1: 1 has the most stable pH with the average of 7. The gas pressure, gas mass and the volume of gas produced by the mixture composition ratio of 1: 1: 1 is larger than the composition ratio of a mixture of 2 : 1: 1, 1: 2: 1 and 1: 1: 2 with 3851.4 Pa gas pressure, gas mass kg 0.011568938 and 0.145424439 gas volume m3 calorific value of 19.680 kJ and 177.142 watts of power, as well as the color of the flame, produced that is blue. It can be concluded that the mixture composition ratio of 1: 1: 1 is the productivity and quality of the most optimal.

Keywords


biogas, garbage, acidity, productivity and quality of the biogas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.0001/ljmtu.v3i2.77

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